Foam rolling, also called self-myofascial release, is performed using a cylindrical piece of foam. There are many different ways you can use a foam roller, all of which are intended to release muscle tightness and tension, increase blood flow and increase your range of motion.Foam rolling is one of the most important rehabilitation practices that anyone and everyone can and should be doing after every workout.
A foam roller works by applying pressure to specific points, often referred to as trigger points, where you feel the most pain or soreness. Since you are the one who feels the pressure of the foam roller, you can decide how much weight you put on it, according to the level of soreness and in which exact area.There are many areas that a foam roller can be useful but some of the most important are:
Lay with your quadriceps muscles (top of your thighs) on the foam roller, supporting your upper body with your hands right below you. Begin to foam roll by pulling your body with your hands over the foam roller, stopping right above the knees and right below your hips. You can shift to one side to put more pressure on one side or the other. Proceed to slowly roll back and forth for 15-30 seconds.
Sit on the ground with the foam roller underneath your calves. Support your weight with your hands beside you when you begin to roll. Proceed to pull your body back and forth, putting as much of your body weight on your calves while foam rolling.For even more pressure to foam roll your calves even deeper, cross your ankles. Foam roll for 15-30 seconds.
The position of the foam roll will depend on exactly where you have hip flexor pain. It could be directly on the top or on the side, where your hip flexors connect to your glutes.Begin by placing the foam roller right where your thigh connects to your hips and lay on top of it. Slowly roll only a few inches back and forth and feel free to rotate your body more towards the side to identify where your hips feel the tightest. Once you have identified where you need to foam roll, hold this position for a few seconds then proceed to roll in small movements for 15-30 seconds per side.
Lay with the foam roller under the middle of your back and slowly roll down so the foam roller ends up at your upper back. Use your feet to pull your body back and forth. If you feel uncomfortable rolling your back, you can simply place the foam roll under your back at specific points for 15 seconds. When foam rolling, foam roll for 15-30 seconds.
Foam rolling for a few minutes before any strenuous workout or exercise routine and then for five minutes after your workout would be ideal. If there is ever a period of time you are feeling particularly tight at a certain trigger point, you can also foam roll right before bed.